definition of terms


    A Savings and Credit Cooperative Society (SACCOS) is a financial institution that provides banking and other financial services to its members. The goal of a SACCOS is to act on behalf of a unified group to offer traditional banking services. The institution attempts to differentiate itself by offering above average services along with competitive rates in the areas of insurance, lending and investment dealings. SACCOS are owned and operated by their members.

  2. Securities

    The term "security" is a fungible, negotiable financial instrument that holds some type of monetary value. It represents an ownership position in a publicly-traded corporation—via stock—a creditor relationship with a governmental body or a corporation—represented by owning that entity's bond—or rights to ownership as represented by an option.

  3. Mutual funds

    A mutual fund is a type of financial vehicle made up of a pool of money collected from many investors to invest in securities like stocks, bonds, money market instruments, and other assets. Mutual funds are operated by professional money managers, who allocate the fund's assets and attempt to produce capital gains or income for the fund's investors. A mutual fund's portfolio is structured and maintained to match the investment objectives stated in its prospectus.

  4. Stock

    A stock (also known as "shares" or "equity") is a type of security that signifies proportionate ownership in the issuing corporation. This entitles the stockholder to that proportion of the corporation's assets and earnings.

  5. Futures

    Futures are derivative financial contracts that obligate the parties to transact an asset at a predetermined future date and price. Here, the buyer must purchase or the seller must sell the underlying asset at the set price, regardless of the current market price at the expiration date.

  6. source: Investopedia